Summer high temperatures are coming, and heatstroke phenomena often occur.What should I do if someone around me has a heat stroke?"Drink plenty of water" after heat stroke is not a routine!But you have to "drink water".
Symptoms of heat stroke
Symptoms of threatened heat stroke: Under high temperature environment, symptoms such as headache, dizziness, thirst, sweat, weakness of the limbs, unpredictable attention, and uncoordinated movements.The body temperature is normal or slightly elevated.If it is transferred to the cool and ventilated place in time, replenish water and salt, and recover in a short period of time.
Symptoms of minor heat stroke: The body temperature is often above 38 degrees.In addition to dizziness, thirst, often show redness, a lot of sweat, and skin burning, or appear to show that the limbs are cold, pale, blood pressure, and increased pulse.If it is treated in time, it can often be recovered within a few hours.
Symptoms of severe heat stroke: As the name suggests, it is the most serious type of heat stroke. If it is not treated in time, it will be critical.This type of heat stroke can be divided into four types: heat cramps, heat failure, sunrochem and fever.
So drink plenty of water after heat stroke?However, hydration is not simply drinking water.
Expert suggestions: After a large amount of sweating
"If thirst, dry lips, yellow urine, etc., it indicates that the body is already in a state of water shortage." Experts suggested that "a small number of methods should be used in summer.Fresh salt water and electrolyte drinks, especially when going out, working, and sports people are more needed in high temperature environments. "
The electrolyte balance in the human body is very necessary, so that the electrolyte balance will not be collapsed.Some people like to drink a large amount of ice water after sweating. They seem to supplement water, but they do not supplement the electrolytes such as sodium and potassium lost with sweat.In this way, in order to ensure the electrolyte balance, the human body will continue to accelerate drainage. Sometimes, it is not difficult to explain that "drinking more water and more thirsty" or even collapse.
What is an electrolyte drink
Electrolyte drinks are drinks containing electrolytes such as sodium, potassium, chlorine, which can quickly supplement the consumption of human moisture, relieve fatigue, and promote the body’s metabolism.Replenishing human consumption by electrolyte drinks has become the choice of more and more consumers.
What should I do if I have symptoms of heat stroke?
First, move.Quickly move the patient to a cool and ventilated place, and at the same time raised the head to unbutton the pants to help breathe and heat dissipation.
Second, apply.Cold water towels can be applied to the head, or ice bags, ice cubes on the patient’s head, armpit, thigh roots, etc.
Third, promote.Put the patient in water at 4 ° C and massage the skin of the limbs to expand the skin blood vessels, accelerate blood circulation, and promote heat dissipation.When the temperature of the anus drops to 38 ° C, it can stop cooling.
Fourth, immersion.Immerse the patient’s body at 45 degrees in the well water at about 18 ° C, and immerse the nipple as the degree.Elderly, weak and cardiovascular disease, water temperature is too low.
Five, wipe.The four people were dipped around the water with a towel at the same time, rubbing the skin red, and generally wiped for about 15-30 minutes to reduce the body temperature to 37-38 ° C. Those with no severe damage to the brain can be quickly awake.
These seven types of people are better and easy to heat up of heat stroke
1. Compared with ordinary people, people with poor physical fitness or other diseases are more likely to have heat stroke problems, so you should pay more attention to yourself and your family in hot weather.The elderly have poor body heat dissipation due to the dysflation of skin glands and the recession of the circulatory system.Easy heat stroke.
2. Pregnant women consume a lot of physical consumption because of pregnancy or postpartum physical strength. If she stays indoors with poor ventilation and high temperature, it will be easy to heat stroke.
3. The systems of infants and young children are not well developed, the temperature adjustment function of the body temperature is poor, and the subcutaneous fat is more, which is not good for heat dissipation.Easy heat stroke.
4. Hot weather can excite the sympathetic nerves of patients with cardiovascular disease and increase the load of the cardiovascular.Especially if heart function is incomplete, the calories in their bodies cannot be emitted in time, so it is easy to heat stroke.
5. The body of diabetic patients responds to the changes in the temperature of the internal and external environment. Although the calories have accumulated in the body, the patient’s conscious symptoms appear late, which can easily cause heat stroke.
6. Patients with some infectious diseases, because bacteria or viral infections can cause the human body to produce endogenous heat, which can accelerate the heat production of the body.Inflammation can also release the body to release some substances, make blood vessel spasm and contraction, and it is not conducive to heat dissipation and prone to heat stroke.
7. Nutritional people have reduced blood pressure due to the lack of nutrients, causing blood vessels to shrink.They are also prone to repeated diarrhea, resulting in dehydration and electrolyte disorders and heat stroke.
What kind of fruits are eaten by heat stroke
1. Watermelon: It tastes sweet and cold, has the effects of clearing heat and relieving heat, eliminating thirst, clearing liver and clearing heat, removing wind and dampness.
Watermelon contains a lot of water, including glucose, fructose and sucrose.After heat stroke, eating watermelon can not only replenish water in time, but also replenish energy.
2. Gourd melon: Eat more melon, which is conducive to the activities of the human heart and liver and intestinal system, and promote endocrine and hematopoietic function.
According to relevant experts, all kinds of melon contains rich nutrition such as apple acid, glucose, amino acids, beet eggplant, vitamin C, etc., and have good effects on high fever and thirst.Gormeter contains a large amount of carbohydrates and citric acid, carotene and vitamin B;, C, etc., and the water is abundant, which can reduce heat and heat, relieve thirst, remove annoyance, etc.
3, loquat: sweet acid and cool.It can moisturize the lungs and relieve cough, live thirst, relieve the thirst, dispel heat, and relieve vomiting.
Nutritional supplements.Loquat contains a variety of nutrients, which can effectively supplement the nutrients of the body, improve the body’s disease resistance, and play the role of strengthening the body.
4, banana: sweet, cold, can clear heat and detoxify, moisturize the intestines.It should be constipated in the intestinal dryness.
Bananas are rich in protein, sugar, potassium, vitamin A and C. At the same time, there are many dietary fibers and rich starch. It is a very good nutritional food.Especially after the heat stroke needs people to replenish physical strength, bananas are the most suitable.
Different prevention and treatment of summer and damp medicines pay attention to as follows:
Huoxiangzhengqi Water: It has the effects of relieving the heat and removing heat, dampness, and medium, suitable for symptoms such as headache, abdominal distension and vomiting caused by summer dampness, but most Huoxiang Zhengqi water contains alcohol components, suffering from hypertension, heart disease, diabetes, diabetesPeople with diseases such as kidney disease should consult a doctor before taking it.Experts remind that people with allergies should also take it carefully; do not take people who are driving before driving.
Ten drops of water: The main ingredients are camphor, rhubarb, ginger, cloves, pepper, cinnamon, etc., which have the effects of removing heat and cold and stomach stomach. Its main function is to treat heat stroke.Not obvious.Due to the heat of ten drops of water, people with allergies, asthma patients, and pregnant women should not be used.
Ren Dan: It has the effects of opening up and soothe the nerves, exclusively refreshing the stomach, clearing the heat and removing heat, and the symptoms of dizziness, nausea and vomiting, diarrhea caused by heat stroke, but if it is disgusting caused by a cold, you cannot take it.Ren Dan.Pregnant women and children under the age of 3 should avoid taking people, and the elderly should take it under the guidance of the doctor.
Cool oil: It is the most common family reserve medicine. When headaches are dizzy, apply a small amount of cool oil to the temples, which can refresh the brain; when mosquito bites and skin itching, apply a small amount of cool oil to the affected area, which can promote blood and swelling, analgesic and itching.Because cool oil contains camphor, mint and other ingredients, pregnant women should not be used.In addition, people with symptoms such as skin ulcers and allergies should be used with caution.
Wind oil essence: Efficacy is similar to clear oil.It is also not suitable for pregnant women to use due to ingredients such as camphor.Newborns should not use wind oil essence, because wind oil essence may induce jaundice and wind.