Source: Overseas Network
How serious is racial discrimination in the United States today?It can be seen from a set of special reports launched by the Associated Press a few days ago.This group of reports focuses on the health inequality of black people from birth to death: black children are more likely to obtain asthma, black youths face increasingly serious psychological health crises, blacks are more likely to get high blood pressure and Alzheimer’s disease … especially people are particularly making people make people make people particularly make people.It is sad that the mortality rate of black pregnant women in the United States is not proportional, showing obvious racial differences.
According to data from the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the mortality rate of black maternal mothers was the highest in the United States. In 2021, 69.9 died of 69.9 people per 100,000, which was almost three times the mortality rate of white pregnant women.Behind the cold data is the collapse of the family.
The US Public Broadcasting Station (NPR) reported a sad story in 2017.In a funeral home in Atlanta, many people came to mourn a black woman.The woman is named Sharon. She is an out -of -the -box social elite. She has a bachelor’s degree in sociology, two master’s degrees, or a dual degree doctor.Constitutional epidemiologist.In Sharon’s career, she is committed to researching how structural inequality, trauma and violence can cause people to suffer from illness.Unfortunately, Sharon himself has also become a victim of structural inequality.In 2016, she found that she was pregnant with her first child, and she was very excited about it.However, after 3 weeks of delivery, she died of illness.
Sharn was born in an American city with serious racism. She needs to work more than ordinary people to achieve any achievements, which also led her to face huge pressure and some health problems, including hypertension.She had a surge in blood pressure during pregnancy, but the doctor did not show her attention.For a period of time after giving birth, Sharon’s blood pressure is still very high. She describes that she "just feels wrong", but the doctor only thinks that this may be related to "insufficient pain in depression".Soon after, Sharon died of hypertension complications.According to Good Morning US News, Sharon’s mother Owen and Sharon’s best friends Puraier said that after Sharon’s delivery, her medical team did not pay enough attention to her health.
Ragen McDonald Mosley, the chief medical director of the American Parent-Child Relations Planning Alliance, said that there are some diseases in the American medical system, which pays unequal importance to the life of black women and white women.The Associated Press reported that some healthcare providers still have an error cognition of biological differences between black and white people. For example, they think that black people have "less sensitive nerve endings, thicker skin and stronger bones"" ".Many doctors in the United States believe that black people have various defects, which has caused black patients to be unable to be treated with sufficient treatment, and their illness has not received enough attention.
Sharn’s death is a tragedy. It can’t help but want to ask: A woman with such a high status and a lot of resources has misfortune. How can the health of black women be guaranteed?
Alabama’s public health lecturer Angelica Lyonce has similar experiences.She was tortured by stomach pain during pregnancy, but her help was ignored.When her abdominal pain intensified and began to vomit bile, the doctor and nurse still told her that she was only due to the pain of ordinary palaces.She was not valued until the fetal heart rate plummeted.She was urgently performed in a caesarean section, and she almost died of sepsis.Her son Malik gave birth for 8 weeks, weighed about 2.27 kg, and lived in the intensive care unit for 1 month.
The example of Malik reflects the encounters of many black babies in the United States.Because the mother’s health is ignored, these babies are more likely to die or premature birth, which may be accompanied by the health problems that may accompany them in their lives.In Alabama, the mortality rate of the white mother’s mother in 2021 was 5.8 ‰, and the mortality of the black mother’s baby was 12.1 ‰, which was increased from 10.9 ‰ in the previous year.The poison of American racism has soaked them before the baby comes to this world.
Data from racial discrimination against American medical systems abound.The US Population Information Agency (PRB) in 2021 stated that researchers at the Minnesota Population Center at the University of Minneda found that when black newborns were taken care of by black doctors instead of white doctors, the mortality rate of black newborns was reduced by 1/3.According to the "Texas Tribunal" reported in 2022, in recent years, the complications of obstetric bleeding in Texas have generally declined, but the complications of black women have increased by nearly 10%.
Black pregnant women may not only be discriminated against by doctors and nurses, but also may be worse for medical conditions.A survey by the US News Survey website "PROPUBLICA" in 2017 shows that the probability of complications serving more black patients in hospitals is higher.Elizabeth Hawell, a professor of obstetrics and gynecology at the Yikan School of Medicine, Sinai Medical College, conducted a more detailed study of racial differences between New York City Hospital.She found that the possibility of a black mother suffered during childbirth was twice the white mother, and the same is true after adjusting the variables, which indicates that some racial differences may be due to the quality of the hospital.In another study, she estimates that if black women and white women give birth to the same hospital, the probability of their injuries will drop by nearly 50%.In the United States, the 3/4 black mother gave birth to a hospital in about 1/4. Hawell believes that if these hospitals can improve their care, racial differences can be reduced.However, for some black women, the helpless reality is that even if they know that some hospitals have poor conditions, they have no other choice due to the conditions of their living communities.
Some medical staff with racial discrimination prejudice and black pregnant women’s medical facilities are inferior to the health of white, black pregnant women and babies … These are "old problems" in the American medical system, but there is no time to this day.How much improvement.For many black babies, this is just the beginning, and the structural discrimination of American society is waiting for them in the future.