The World Health Organization (WHO) defines "1000 days of life" as a "opportunity window period" for a person’s growth and development.If the mother’s insufficient nutrition during pregnancy, it will also affect the child’s health.
Therefore, the expectant mothers who are preparing for pregnancy and pregnancy can not be careless, and the nutritional nutrition during pregnancy must not be less!
Pay special attention to these nutrients during pregnancy!
1. folic acid
According to the Society of Chinese Medical Society’s "Pre-pregnancy and Pregnancy Health Guide (2018)", it is necessary to supplement 0.4-0.8 mg folic acid of 0.4-0.8 mg or composite vitamins contained in evidence-based medicine from 3 months before pregnancy to effectively prevent fetal birth defects.EssenceObesity is super heavy, and expectant mothers with poor gastrointestinal tract need to pay more attention to supplementing folic acid.
On March 26, 2020, Professor Liu Xinghui, Chairman of the Medical Branch of the Chinese Medical Association and Professor Liu Xinghui of the Obstetrics of the Obstetrics of the Second Hospital of Huaxi University of Sichuan University as a live room for the People’s Daily Health Times of the People’s Daily, said that a single supplemental folic acid can reduce neurophastin deformityIf you eat composite vitamins containing folic acid, you can not only reduce the incidence of neurotransidal deformity, but also reduce the occurrence of congenital heart disease, thereby greatly reducing the birth defect rate of the fetus.
Professor Liu Xinghui said that pregnant women, especially in the first three months of pregnancy and early pregnancy, must strive to eat composite vitamins containing folic acid. This has been confirmed in a large number of domestic and international clinical trials.
2. Vitamin A
Professor Liu Xinghui said that vitamin A is very important in fetal development. Vitamin A deficiency is likely to cause death or fetal malformations, affect the optic nerve development of the fetus, and even affect the fetal brain development.If the vitamin A in the diet is insufficient, it is recommended to supplement it in time during pregnancy and early pregnancy.
It is important to note that the volume of vitamin A a day’s intake is about 4,000 units. If you are already eating composite vitamins, you need to consider whether you are supplemented depending on your content. Please do not replenish it.
3. Iron element
Professor Liu Xinghui pointed out that the amount of iron supplement in daily diet is far from enough. Pregnant women need to meet their own and fetus needs through external supplements, but they must be supplemented under the guidance of professional doctors.
How much iron needs to be supplemented is determined by the serum and serum protein conditions of the pregnant woman itself.Iron agents should be added under the guidance of professional physicians.
Pregnant mothers should supplement milk -rich foods such as milk and soy products; vitamin D supplemented by calcium supplement and effectively promoting calcium absorption if necessary."Guidelines for Healthcare before and during pregnancy (2018)" pointed out that routine calcium supplements start 0.6-1.5g/d during the 14th to 19 weeks of pregnancy.
5. Dietary fiber
In the middle and late pregnancy, the gradual increased baby will squeeze the mother’s stomach and intestines, which can easily lead to constipation of pregnant women.In order to alleviate the pain caused by constipation, pay attention to taking sufficient amount of dietary fiber.
The general principle of supplementary nutrition during pregnancy
Soybeans, eat fish, poultry, eggs, lean meat, less salt and less oil, sugar controlled wine, eliminating waste, new food), and the following 5 principles:
① Supplement folic acid, often eat iron -rich foods, choose iodized salt;
② Those with severe pregnancy and vomiting can eat a small amount to ensure that the intake of foods containing the necessary amount of carbohydrates;
③ Increase the intake of milk, fish, poultry, eggs, lean meat in the middle and late pregnancy;
④ A moderate amount of physical activity to maintain the appropriate weight during pregnancy;
⑤ Smoke and alcohol, nourish new life, and actively prepare breastfeeding.
Experts in this article:
Liu Xinghui, Chairman of the Medical Branch of the Chinese Medical Association, Chairman of the Obstetrics Department of West China Second Hospital of Sichuan University