As a special group that is about to bred the next generation, expectant mothers have been taken care of by the whole family. It is very important to replenish various vitamins scientifically in order to raise their bodies and actively prepare for pregnancy.When it comes to folic acid, everyone knows that it is a must -have for childbearing age. It is generally recommended to start replenishment at least 3 months before pregnancy or before pregnancy.So what are the effects of folic acid?Why add folic acid?What are the benefits of taking folic acid?Let ’s take a look at the importance of supplement folic acid.
1. What is folic acid
Folic acid is a water -resistant and low -density water -soluble B vitamin.
2. Folic acid functions and functions
Folic acid is the essential substance for new cells to produce and maintain it. Participating in the body’s nucleotide metabolism and amino acid metabolism. This is particularly important in the rapid division of cells and the growth period of human growth, such as infantile and pregnancy period.The important metabolic reaction of folic acid is the conversion process of the same beater to omeramidine. There is evidence that this conversion process is closely related to the occurrence of neural tube defects.Whatever the reason causes folic acid deficiency in the body, its direct consequence is that the proliferation and division of cells are affected.If in the early pregnancy, the neural tube defects of the fetus occur, causing severe deformities such as brain -free and spine bales, and can also cause placental dysplasia and cause miscarriage and premature birth.
3. Which foods are rich in folic acid
In nature, folic acid is mainly in the following foods: green vegetables such as spinach, asparagus; beans, such as lentils, peas; animal liver and eggs; fruits, such as cantaloupe, strawberry; orange juice; nuts and dried fruits, such as melon seeds, peanuts, peanuts, peanuts, peanuts, peanuts, peanutswait.
4. Why add synthetic folic acid?
There are two forms of folic acid, namely natural folic acid and artificial synthetic folic acid in food.Natural folic acid molecular particles in food are large and need to be absorbed by the body after being processed by the small intestine of the human body. The absorption rate is only 50%; the molecular particles of synthetic folic acid are small and can be directly absorbed., Its absorption rate can reach 100%.In addition, foods rich in natural folic acid are easy to cause 50%-70%of losses due to heating, and synthetic folic acid is relatively stable.The human body cannot synthesize folic acid and cannot be stored in the body in large quantities. It must be obtained every day to meet the needs of the body’s function.Although you have paid more attention to foods containing folic acid in your diet, because synthetic folic acid is higher than the utilization of natural folic acid in food, it is necessary to supplement synthetic folic acid.
5. Master the method of supplement folic acid
(1) Time: It should be taken from 3 months before pregnancy to 3 months after pregnancy.It is because folic acid must play a role in preventing neurotomer such as folic acid. It must reach a certain concentration in the body, which takes a certain time.The time for neural tube deformity is 30-44 days after the first day of the last menstruation (16-30 days after fertilization). At this timeIn the role of prevention, women without pregnancy should be supplemented with folic acid routinely before pregnancy.
(2) Take dosage: 0.4 mg/tablets of folic acid tablets, and women with normal childbearing age do not take more than 1 mg daily.
(3) Times: Take once a day.
6. How to supplement folic acid at high risk -up mothers
For prospective mothers who have had a child who had had neurotranscele or taking antiepileptic drugs, the risk of neural tube defects increased.For expectant mothers with high risk factors, they should first consult a doctor to consult before preparing to get pregnant to understand the importance of folic acid prevention of neural tube malformation. Under the guidance of doctors, increase the dose of supplementation.Taking 4mg of folic acid a day in the first three months, this dose is 10 times that of normal mothers to supplement the folic acid dose.
7. What are the benefits of taking folic acid
Specific mothers will also get many other benefits while supplement folic acid prevention of neural tube defects.Folic acid supplementation can also prevent expectant mothers and fetal anemia caused by folic acid deficiency, and promote the growth of placenta and fetuses.
In order to make everyone have a healthy baby, the Shunyi District Government launched a major public health project- "Supplementing Folic acid Prevention Neural Deficiency Project". Moms of expectant mothers will receive 6 -month folic acid tablets for free. If you want to receive free folic acid,I can hold my ID card to the community health service center of the household registration or place of residence for consultation.
Supply: Huang Ying, the Department of Women’s Health
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