Irregular menstruation and acne?Most symptoms that affect fertility are often ignored

On the modern worker girl, how sad the girl was. When Yuanmei washed her hair some time ago, she took a lot of hair, and the rare Jessica and Lucy had a wave of brothers and sisters, which were rare on their heads.

(Source: Homemade)

Hair loss, acne, hairy, and irregular menstruation … Isn’t this polycystic ovary syndrome?

In addition to the nine valences these days, the Polycystic Ovarian syndrome (PCOS) has become the second largest health topic between girls.

Among women aged 20 to 40, the prevalence of polycystic is about 5% to 10%, which is equivalent to 1 PCOS patients among 10 people.

Staying up late, seating for a long time, and greasy diet seem to cause hair loss, fat, acne, symptomatic diagnosis, or other diseases.

So how do we determine, do we have a polycystic ovary syndrome?

Polycyl gold standard: Auntie

In the 2018 version of the diagnosis and treatment guide, "menstrual scarcity or amenorrhea" is the necessary condition for PCOS. This is also the most easily observed signs of our daily life. See if your aunt has these situations:

● The menstrual cycle is greater than 35 days

● Amenorrhea: Generally, auntie is considered amenorrhea for 3 to 6 months.

● Adolescent children (10 ~ 18 years old) The first menstrual cycle of the first tide lasted 2 years greater than 35 days, or the first tide came to be amenorrhea

Note: The normal menstrual cycle is 21 ~ 35 days. Menstrual scarcity refers to the cycle of the aunt, not the menstrual flow

It should be noted that a few polycystic patients may also appear frequent aunts (the cycle is less than 21 days).

In addition to menstruation, these symptoms can also be used as auxiliary judgments:


Self -inspection and practical index: ★★★ ☆☆

The key point: wool in private parts

The most obvious is the increase in private parts, and it may be connected forward and backward.

The wool in the private parts is mainly developed under the action of therogen, about 3,000, but only on the pussy and large labia (some people will also have a small amount of pubic hair), which is shape in an inverted triangle.

If you can’t determine whether your pubic hair increases in the amount, you can judge from the following three aspects:

Regional: The hair will spread to the inside and abdomen of the thigh within 1 to 3 months, and the shape will change from the triangle to a square

In terms of color: private parts (especially Yinfu), the skin behind the neck, and underarms will become black, and the skin wrinkles in these places will appear gray -brown

In terms of texture: The hair of the private part changed from the original dry state to the soft velvet touch of the texture

(Source: PEXELS Two Reform)

In addition to the private parts, the areola, armpits, and midline of the body are gradually increasing.

Gain weight

Self -inspection and practical index: ★★ ☆☆☆

The key point: The abdomen is fat and not fat

50%of the polycystic girls will become fat because of the high androgen, the weight index BMI ≥25, and most of them are fat on the stomach, and are called "fat polycystic".

(Photo source: Maker’s self -made)

However, there are also "thin sacs". For example, some polycystic girls are not fat in appearance, and the weight index is less than 23, but the waist is thick and the waist and hip ratio exceeds the standard.

Therefore, it is not necessarily reliable to see if you are fat and not fat.


Self -inspection and practical index: ★★ ☆☆☆

The key: whether the ointment can heal

The acne of polycystic girls is caused by the increase in androgen. The forehead, the mandibular, and the chest and the back may be acne. The commonly used skin plaster (such as vitamin acid) cannot reduce therogens, so it is not effective.

And in addition to acne, there are often hair loss problems.

(Figure source:

Difficult to get pregnant, susceptible

Self -inspection and practical index: ★★★ ☆☆

The key point: Is it difficult to get pregnant?

This must be said to be the origin of PCOS. Our body will cause a chain reaction due to the influence of genetic, mental stress, certain diseases (such as diabetes, cardiovascular disease, etc.) and insulin resistance:

Hulkin-pituitary-ovarian axis regulation function is abnormal

Ovarian and adrenaline androgens are too high

Inhibit the maturity of follicles

Less ovulation, irregular ovulation, or cannot ovulate

Junior high school creatures tell us that pregnancy cannot be separated from eggs. Less ovulation and irregular ovulation can cause young couples to easily miss the chances of conception; in addition, irregular menstruation and follicle development have shortened the giving birth of the sac.Essence

Expansion: Will polycystic patients definitely have hair, acne, and gain weight?

Not necessarily, the atypical polycystic patients will not have these symptoms, but there must be abnormal menstruation. If you just have acne, hair loss and normal menstruation, it is recommended to go to bed early and eat less snacks.

How to diagnose medicine

The polycystic performance is relatively complicated. At present, the clinical reference is the most recognized standard ~ Rotterdam Standard:

Menstrual disorder

The first diagnostic standard is the menstrual disorders we mentioned above (menstruation is scarce, amenorrhea or irregular uterine bleeding, etc.).


The second diagnostic criteria are high androgens. Endocrine hormone testing shows that of high androgens, or clinical manifestations of antimosmatoos, such as hairy and acne.

The ovary changes in polycystic

The third diagnostic criterion is that the B -ultrasound shows that the ovary changes in polycystic.B -ultrasound can see multiple immature follicles in the ovaries, which are beaded around the ovary, commonly known as "necklace", which is one of the clinical manifestations unique to polycystic ovary syndrome.

(Photo source: Maker’s self -made)

The first standard menstrual disorders are essential.The polycystic changes in Kaohsiung and B -ultrasound can be diagnosed as the polycystic ovary syndrome as long as they have one and eliminate other diseases.

However, do n’t worry about the polycystic ovary syndrome. Different cysts are terminally ill. Many polycystic girls have stable their condition through diet, exercise and drug conditioning. Girls who have become pregnant and have children are not a small number.

At the same time, in order to help more girls (or friends who want to know PCOS for girlfriends and friends), we will open a polycystic girl strategy, including:

(Venture stickers homemade)

Welcome to the daughter -in -law questions you want to know in the background, we will answer and revise it in time ~

Alright, here is here, click on, let more girls know the bulls.


Sho Xinyi, Amway Peak. The research progress of the cause of the cause of polycystic ovary syndrome [J]. Chinese contemporary medicine, 2021,28 (08): 30-33.

Qiao Jie, Li Rong etal., China Practical Gynecology and Magazine, 2013,29 (11): 849-852.

Edit Planning / Circle Health Health New Media Group

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