How much do you know about insulin resistance?Why check?How to check?

What is insulin resistance?

Insulin is a peptide hormone secreted by the pancreatic β cells. It is the only hormone that reduces blood sugar in the body. It is also the only hormone that promotes glycogen, fat, and protein synthesis at the same time.Under normal circumstances, islet β cells will sensorize changes in the blood glucose concentration of the body. For example, if the blood sugar is increased at meals, it will secrete more insulin. On the contrary, it will secrete less insulin when blood sugar is low, thereby maintaining the dynamic balance of blood sugar.

Insulin resistance refers to the reduction of the physiological effect of the body’s physiological effect (that is, not sensitive), which is mainly manifested in the target of insulin. For example, the intake and utilization of glucose in glucose, such as liver, skeletal muscle, and adipose tissue.

How to judge insulin resistance?

If you want to judge whether you have insulin resistance, then you need to go to a regular medical institution to do these two tests -oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) and insulin release test (INS).These two tests understand the blood glucose level and insulin level after the oral glucose and the level of insulin are measured by measuring the pan -to understand the function of the islet β cell function and the body’s ability to regulate blood sugar.

Precautions for testing

Before testing

Within at least three days, do not overeating, do not do too much exercise.

8-14 hours of fasting, 10-12 hours of fasting.During the period, you can drink water (sugar -free) and brush your teeth.

The hospital usually measures in the morning. It is recommended to go to the hospital for examination in the morning.

Test

Drink 75g of water -free glucose powder that dissolved in 200-300ml of water.

You cannot leave the hospital on the way, you must not conduct severe activities, drink any drinks, and drink a small amount of water.

Take the blood on an empty stomach, and then start with the first candy of sugar water. In the 30th, 60th, 120th minute, and 180 minutes, you can pump blood glucose to check blood sugar.

The state of high insulin will not only increase the proportion of sugar into fat, but also cause people to gain weight easily even if they do not consume too much energy under normal diet.The emergence of bloodmate.Even if the occasional ovulation can be pregnant, pregnancy is susceptible to abortion, and the chance of fetal stopping will be greatly increased.Therefore, in the process of treating polycystic, we must check and improve insulin resistance.

@胡

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