"Ghost Baby" tragedy is constantly emergency supplementation of birth registration "loopholes"

On July 4th, the police searched the baby’s body along the river.Picture Source Visual China

China Youth Daily · Zhongqing.com reporter Wang Zi

"What is your child born in April 2018?" In Guangzhou, South Korea, a 30 -year -old woman received a call from the local government.

After hesitating for a day, she surrendered to the police, saying that when she gave birth to a child, she was not married and did not work.After all physical and mental, she "ran away for a few hours away from home 6 days after her child was born."When she returned home, no one -care child had died.She wrapped the baby’s body with a plastic garbage bag and put it in a public trash.

Recently, similar cases have been continuously exposed throughout South Korea.In Juji City, Qingnan Road, the police arrested a young couple, which were suspected of throwing a 5 -day baby boy into the river.The couple initially stated that one day in September last year, when they woke up, they found that the baby had died, but in a police investigation, they admitted to killing the baby.

In Gyeonggi, the police transferred a 20 -year -old woman to the prosecution.She was suspected of killing her newborn son in Datian in 2019 and throwing a corpse near a stream.

Police are searching for the body of a baby boy not far from Longren City, a hillside.One day before, the baby’s father and grandmother were arrested. They were suspected of killing the baby in 2015 and hiding the body in the mountains.South Korea’s "Central Daily" said that the child’s mother did not know the crime.The husband told her that the child was dead because "he was born unhealthy."Police suspected that the baby’s father and grandmother tested through DNA during pregnancy and learned that the child had a Tang syndrome, so he decided to give up the child before he was born.

In South Korea, children who have a hospital birth record but have not been registered for birth are called "ghost babies".According to the Yonhap News Agency, the South Korean Inspection Institute had previously checked the information of the country’s newborn H hepatitis B vaccination and other information found that from 2015 to 2022, 2,123 children in South Korea did not apply for birth.Temporary newborn number obtained during vaccine.The Ministry of Health and Welfare of South Korea conducted a random check on 23 children, and found that at least 3 of them had died and one was abandoned.

On June 28, the Yonhap News Agency quoted a statement of the Ministry of Health and Welfare that the ministry launched a national census that day, targeting these "ghost babies".Relevant departments will visit the census objects. In addition to investigating the birth declaration, they will also confirm the whereabouts and safety of these children.If suspicious situations such as "denying the facts of birth, refusal to cooperate with investigations, suspected children are abandoned or traded", they will contact the police to intervene in the investigation.

South Korea’s "South Korea Herald" said that due to poor data management, it is difficult for local governments to track the newborns before 2014, so this survey is only for the "ghost baby" born in medical institutions after 2014.

On the day of the census, the police arrested a woman in her 30s.She was accused of killing two children she had just given birth in 2018 and 2019, and put two corpses in the refrigerator in a apartment in Mizuga City, Gyeonggi -do.The woman told the police that killing infants was due to economic difficulties at home.Her husband said that his wife lied that he had killed the child and he did not doubt it.

At present, the local police transferred the woman to the prosecution for murder and hiding corpses.South Korea’s "South Korea Times" and other media reports said that with the shock of public opinion, the government has strengthened its investigation, and the "ghost baby" incident reported on various places has increased at hundreds of cases per day.The National Investigation Headquarters of the South Korean Police Department said on July 10 that local governments have received relevant reports from 1069, of which 939 are being investigated, and 34 babies have been confirmed.

"A series of cases suspected of killing babies reveal the dark stories faced by Korean women after pregnancy, and how much protection measures and sexual education in South Korea," South Korea Pioneer News wrote.The newspaper quoted a research result published by Kim Rongshen (sound) at the Korean University School of Medicine, saying that in South Korea, the main motivation for women to kill babies was that they could not admit to their parents to admit pregnancy or economic difficulties.

This study analyzed the recent judgment of the number of killings in South Korean courts. The results showed that many women concealed their pregnancy to their families because of their fear.Studies have stated that in most cases, the "stigma of unmarried mothers" leave their lives for "indelible trauma."

The research team emphasizes that in order to curb this trend, it is necessary to carry out comprehensive sex education and provide sexual health information such as security behaviors and breeding to prevent accidental pregnancy.The research team also suggested to launch conventional measures to support women’s rights.

In South Korea, there is only one lesson provided by most schools: watching an hour of videos, the content is only "extensive concept of sex".Specific information is owed.

In 1953, South Korea’s first promulgation of abortions related to abortion is prohibited from terminating pregnancy in almost all circumstances.Not only are abortion women who are sentenced to imprisonment or fines, but doctors who help female abortion will also face punishment.Over the years, the social situation in South Korea has long been vicissitudes of the sea, but the law has basically been in place on abortion issues."South Korea Herald" said that experts called for a series of measures to solve the problem of accidental pregnancy, including allowing abortion and strengthening support for single -parent mothers.

In April 2019, the Korean Constitution Court ruled that the abortion ban was unconstitutional.The Constitutional Court stated that the prohibition of abortion in early pregnancy is the infringement of the autonomous decision of pregnant women and should be allowed to terminate pregnancy to a certain extent. Related law should be revised before December 31, 2020, otherwise the "abortion crime" shouldThe law will be deleted.

A subsequent proposal in 2020 allows abortion within 14 weeks of pregnancy, but the proposal is submitted to Congress as if it is mud cattle into the sea.Critics said that the bill has not been decided so far, leading to the continuous existence of argument about whether the abortion should be legalized. Pregnant women can only obtain abortion drugs and perform abortion surgery through illegal channels, facing great health risks.

There are also huge vulnerabilities in South Korea’s current birth registration system.South Korea’s "Resident Registration Law" stipulates that parents are obliged to register with the government within one month when the baby is born, and medical institutions do not need to do this; if parents violate this regulation, the punishment is just a fine.This has led to endless "ghost babies".

In order to make up for this vulnerability, the South Korean Parliament held a plenary meeting on June 30 to pass a amendment with the results of 266 votes and 1 abstain, requiring medical institutions to report to the local government within 14 days of baby birth.The amendment will take effect one year after promulgation.Some critics are worried that this will put more pressure on unmarried mothers.Leaving fertility records in the national system may have a negative impact on their future study and job search.

From the perspective of Professor Park Mingshu, a professor at Shangzhi University in South Korea, preventing more "ghost babies" tragedy staggered from the root."South Korea Herald" quoted her point of view that the Korean people need to change their views, "regarding unmarried mothers as part of society."

Editor in charge: Yuan Ye

Source: China Youth Daily Client

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